E-bulletin of IISEPS Center for Documentation, N 8, 2005 (only Russian)



Theme of the month:
Belarus-Poland Conflict: Will Second Congress Solve Problem?

Document of the month:
Decree “On International Technical Assistance” and Draft Program “Youth of Belarus”: Care about Growing Generation or Vaccination against Revolution?

Organization of the month:
Russian Deutsche Welle in Belarus: National or Democratic, Which Is More Important?


Dear readers!


We offer to your attention the next issue of Infofocus bulletin. This time Belarus-Poland conflict over the Union of Poles in Belarus (UPB) and its leader Andzelika Borys, who is a recognized UPB head in Poland but not in Belarus, has become the topic of the month. In view of this, we decided to unite the columns “Topic of Month” and “Person of Month” in this issue. The discord began in May of 2005 when the Ministry of Justice announced the UPB Congress invalid and the decision on election of a new head – null and void. The ministry tried to reinstate in his position former UPB head T. Kruczkowski but the Union disagreed with the proposition. Shortly after, the Belarusian authorities deported from the country Polish diplomat M. Butko for his allegedly putting pressure on the Congress members. In response, the Polish side publicized the list of Belarusian top officials who will be banned entrance to the territory of Poland.
Thus, internal problems of public organization grew into a conflict between two states. In her turn, Andzelika Borys, who was previously involved in social and cultural issues mainly, appeared in the limelight of international organizations as a public and political figure. What are the true causes of the Belarus-Poland conflict? Who will benefit from this? What does behavior of both countries reveal? How will the conflict end up for both the Union of Poles and for Belarus-Poland relations? What is Boris’ role in this story and what are her prospects of a public figure in politics? We asked these questions to Nikolai Cherginets, Chairman of the Council of Republic’s permanent commission for international affairs and national security, and Yaroslav Romanchuk, President of Mises Center and Head of Strategy Analytical Center.
In the column “Document of Month”, we introduce two documents at once – Presidential Decree No. 382 “On amendments to the presidential Decree of October 22, 2003 No. 460 “On international technical assistance to Belarus” and the draft Program “Youth of Belarus” for 2006-2010. What are the goals and possible consequences of the Decree and the draft Program? What does appearance of such papers indicate? Do they comply with international law practice? You will find here the comments of Pavel Severinets, Coordinator of Young Belarus, who is currently subjected to corrective labor, and Vsevolod Yanchevsky, former Head of Belarusian Youth Union and Deputy at the House of Representatives and currently editor of Planet magazine.
Due to its new project Deutsche Welle has been recognized an “Organization of Month”. At the assistance of the European Union it starts a new daily 30-minute program Belarusian Chronics. The decision to broadcast in the Russian language in Belarus rose hot debates within Belarusian publicity, yet not so much about the decision proper as, like fifteen years ago, about the role of the Belarusian language in the development of the society and the state. In fact, the debates participants discuss three major development projects for the country. The first has being implemented by President A. Lukashenko – his aims and methods are well known. The second, titled “For Belarusian Belarus”, gives the priority to the development of national identity, first of all, through revival of the Belarusian language and Belarusian culture. An attempt to implement this project has been made in early 90-ies, and it is still promoted by the national-democratic opposition. The third project, which is titled “For Civic Belarus” (upon definition of V. Akudovich, “the area with inflorescence of everything”) and promoted by liberal-democratic opposition, has for its priority democratization and human rights observance in the independent state. Which of these projects is the most reasonable for Belarus, and which idea – national or democratic – can lead to the long-awaited changes? We offer you the opinions of Alexander Bukhvostov, Chairman of the organizational committee of the Congress of Belarus Democratic Forces, and Olga Abramova, Deputy at the House of Representatives.
We hope that these materials will be helpful and interesting for you and your colleagues. All feedbacks are, as usual, mostly welcome!

IISEPS executive board

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